IMPORTANT:

Harmony will do IEO on Binance Launchpad. The Harmony token sale will also follow a lottery format, with the recording of user BNB balances starting at 2019/05/19 23:59:59 (UTC). Details: https://binance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/360028476111

Harmony (ONE) Blockchain Platform - ICO Review, Rating and Details of Harmony ICO (Token Sale) - Rating: All In

Harmony​ builds an open marketplace at Google-scale for the decentralized economy. This project ​aims to provide a consensus protocol over the open Internet​ at 10 million transactions per second with 100-millisecond latency and at most 0.1% fee.

Problems & Solutions

Since the publication of the Bitcoin whitepaper in 2008, the concept of blockchain has spread across the world. While decentralized money and applications are becoming well-publicized ideas, design limitations have challenged the core aspiration of Bitcoin. The original Bitcoin blockchain was designed as a peer-to-peer payment system that allows people to transfer value without intermediaries like banks or payment processors. However, as Bitcoin gained popularity, its performance bottleneck became evident due to its limited throughput of ~7 transactions per second (TPS), and its cost as a payment system became prohibitively expensive.

In 2014, Buterin et. al. proposed a new blockchain infrastructure called Ethereum, which enabled developers to create various kinds of blockchain applications using “smart contracts.” However, Ethereum didn’t solve the scalability problem and, with its ~15 TPS, failed to support high-throughput applications such as gaming or decentralized exchanges. Given Ethereum and Bitcoin’s performance limitations, many blockchain projects proposed various solutions that attempt to increase transaction throughput. Various blockchains proposed to replace Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus with Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus. Other blockchains like EOS use Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS), where block proposers are elected by voting rather than by an on-chain algorithmic process. Projects like IOTA replaced the chain-of-blocks data structure with a DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph) data structure, which breaks the limitation of sequential processing of transactions.

However, these proposed solutions cannot make significant performance gains without sacrificing other critical aspects, such as security and decentralization. The scalability solution that both preserves security and decentralization is sharding, which creates multiple groups (i.e. shards) of validators and lets them process transactions concurrently. As a result, the total transaction throughput increases linearly as the number of shards grows. Zilliqa was the first public blockchain that proposed to address the scalability problem with sharding. However, Zilliqa's sharding approach falls short in two ways. First, it does not divide the storage of blockchain data (state sharding). This prevents machines with limited resources from participating in the network, thus curtailing decentralization. Second, Zilliqa’s sharding process is susceptible to a single-shard takeover attack due to its reliance on PoW as its randomness generation mechanism.

We introduce Harmony, the next generation sharding-based blockchain that is fully scalable, provably secure, and energy efficient. Harmony addresses the problems of existing blockchains by combining the best research results and engineering practice in an optimally tuned system.

Features & Highlights

  • Fully Scalable: Harmony shards not only the network communication and transaction validation like Zilliqa, but also shards the blockchain state. This makes Harmony a fully scalable blockchain.

  • Secure Sharding: Harmony’s sharding process is provably secure thanks to the distributed randomness generation (DRG) process which is unpredictable, unbiaseable, verifiable and scalable. Harmony also reshards the network in a non-interruptive manner to prevent against slowly adaptive byzantine adversaries.

  • Efficient and Fast Consensus: Unlike other sharding-based blockchains which require PoW to select validators, Harmony is based on PoS and thus energy efficient. Consensus is reached with a linearly scalable BFT algorithm that’s 100 times faster than PBFT.

  • Adaptive-Thresholded PoS: The threshold of stakes required for a node to join the network is adjusted based on the volume of total staking in a way that malicious stakers cannot concentrate their power in a single shard. Moreover, the threshold is low enough so

    that small stakers can still participate in the network and earn rewards.

  • Scalable Networking Infrastructure: With RaptorQ fountain code, Harmony can propagate blocks quickly within shards or across network by using the Adaptive Information Dispersal Algorithm. Harmony also adopts Kademlia routing [37] to achieve cross-shard transactions that scale logarithmically with the number of shards.

  • Consistent Cross-Shard Transactions: Harmony supports cross-shard transactions with shards directly communicating with each other. An atomic locking mechanism is used to ensure the consistency of cross-shard transactions.

  • By innovating on both the protocol and network layers, Harmony provides the world with a scalable and secure blockchain system that is able to support the emerging decentralized economy. Harmony will enable applications which were not previously feasible on blockchain,
    including high-volume decentralized exchanges, interactive fair games, Visa-scale payment systems, and Internet-of-Things transactions. Harmony strives to scale trust for billions of people and create a radically fair economy.

Token Allocation

"Public Sale","Seed Sale","Team","Protocol Development","Ecosystem" {"name": "Public Sale","value": 12.5},{"name": "Seed Sale","value": 22.4},{"name": "Team","value": 16.9},{"name": "Protocol Development","value": 26.4},{"name": "Ecosystem","value": 21.8}

Token Release Schedule

"May 2019","Jun 2019","Jul 2019","Aug 2019","Sep 2019","Oct 2019","Nov 2019","Dec 2019","Jan 2020","Feb 2020","Mar 2020","Apr 2020","May 2020","Jun 2020","Jul 2020","Aug 2020","Sep 2020","Oct 2020","Nov 2020","Dec 2020","Jan 2021","Feb 2021","Mar 2021","Apr 2021","May 2021","Jun 2021","Jul 2021","Aug 2021","Sep 2021","Oct 2021","Nov 2021","Dec 2021","Jan 2022","Feb 2022","Mar 2022","Apr 2022","May 2022","Jun 2022","Jul 2022","Aug 2022","Sep 2022","Oct 2022","Nov 2022","Dec 2022","Jan 2023","Feb 2023","Mar 2023","Apr 2023","May 2023","Jun 2023","Jul 2023","Aug 2023","Sep 2023","Oct 2023","Nov 2023","Dec 2023","Jan 2024","Feb 2024","Mar 2024","Apr 2024","May 2024","Jun 2024","Jul 2024","Aug 2024","Sep 2024","Oct 2024","Nov 2024","Dec 2024","Jan 2025","Feb 2025","Mar 2025","Apr 2025","May 2025" {"name": "Public Sale", "icon": "roundRect"},{"name": "Seed Sale", "icon": "roundRect"},{"name": "Team", "icon": "roundRect"},{"name": "Protocol Development", "icon": "roundRect"},{"name": "Ecosystem", "icon": "roundRect"} {"data": [12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50,12.50],"name": "Public Sale", "symbol": "circle", "type": "line", "stack": "Save", "areaStyle": {}},{"data": [5.60,5.60,5.60,5.60,5.60,5.60,11.20,11.20,11.20,11.20,11.20,11.20,16.80,16.80,16.80,16.80,16.80,16.80,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40,22.40],"name": "Seed Sale", "symbol": "circle", "type": "line", "stack": "Save", "areaStyle": {}},{"data": [0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.47,0.94,1.41,1.88,2.35,2.82,3.29,3.76,4.23,4.70,5.17,5.64,6.11,6.58,7.05,7.52,7.99,8.46,8.93,9.40,9.87,10.34,10.81,11.28,11.75,12.22,12.69,13.16,13.63,14.10,14.57,15.04,15.51,15.98,16.45,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92,16.92],"name": "Team", "symbol": "circle", "type": "line", "stack": "Save", "areaStyle": {}},{"data": [4.40,4.40,4.40,4.40,4.40,4.40,8.79,8.79,8.79,8.79,8.79,8.79,13.19,13.19,13.19,13.19,13.19,13.19,17.58,17.58,17.58,17.58,17.58,17.58,21.98,21.98,21.98,21.98,21.98,21.98,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38,26.38],"name": "Protocol Development", "symbol": "circle", "type": "line", "stack": "Save", "areaStyle": {}},{"data": [1.79,2.38,2.98,3.57,4.17,4.76,5.36,5.95,6.54,7.03,7.53,8.02,8.51,9.00,9.49,9.98,10.47,10.96,11.16,11.36,11.55,11.75,11.95,12.15,12.34,12.54,12.74,12.93,13.13,13.33,13.53,13.72,13.92,14.12,14.31,14.51,14.71,14.90,15.10,15.30,15.50,15.69,15.89,16.09,16.28,16.48,16.68,16.87,17.07,17.27,17.47,17.66,17.86,18.06,18.25,18.45,18.65,18.84,19.04,19.24,19.44,19.63,19.83,20.03,20.22,20.42,20.62,20.81,21.01,21.21,21.41,21.60,21.80],"name": "Ecosystem", "symbol": "circle", "type": "line", "stack": "Save", "areaStyle": {}}

Token Allocation & Release Note

  • Public Sale: 12.5% of total supply
  • Seed Sale: 22.4% of total supply
  • Team: 16.9% of total supply
  • Protocol Development: 26.4% of total supply
  • Ecosystem: 21.8% of total supply
  • Public Sale: No lockup
  • Seed Sale: 25% to be released before listing, then 25% every 6 months
  • Team: Locked first 9 months, then monthly vesting in 3 years
  • Protocol Development: Biannually vesting in 2.5 years
  • Ecosystem: Monthly vesting in 6 years

Token Utility & Use Cases

Harmony’s open, decentralized network is enabled through the use of the native protocol token - Harmony ONE. The token incentivizes and rewards a variety of participants including developers, validators/stakers, investors, and community members who develop, secure and govern the network. In order to use the network, users pay a small transaction fee denominated in the native Harmony token.

Harmony’s scalable, high-throughput protocol is powered by a native token which is used for various forms of payment and participation in the protocol (staking, transaction fees, voting & governance).

Harmony uses blockchain to align incentives of different stakeholders, developers and businesses while allowing them to build open marketplaces of fungible and non-fungible tokens and assets. Furthermore, the upcoming application of zero-knowledge proofs will allow Harmony to become a data sharing platform that can overcome the conflicting problem plaguing many information and data markets: that individual market participants’ have mutual distrust to share data but strong desire to acquire data themselves.

The Harmony token will function in the following aspects of the protocol:

  • The token is used for staking, which is necessary to participate in the POS consensus & earn block rewards and transaction fees.
  • The token is used to pay for transaction fees, gas and storage fees.
  • The token is used in voting for on-chain governance of the protocol.

Roadmap & Updates

  • Q2 2018
    • 10k tps & 10k nodes network benchmark
    • Formed founding team
  • Q3 2018
    • 118k tps & 41k nodes network benchmark
    • Asia roadshow
  • Q4 2018
    • Launched Devnet; 1.3-sec block propagation benchmark
    • Animoca partnership
  • Q1 2019
    • Open source & research forum
    • Whitepaper 2.0
  • February 2019
    • Testnet 1.0
    • Faster consensus using BLS multi-signatures & gossiping broadcast
    • Node staking on beacon chain using smart contracts
    • Secure resharding with Cuckoo Rule
    • Robust peer discovery via libp2p bootnodes & Kademlia routing
  • March 2019
    • Testnet 2.0
    • Instructions for nodes on home networks with NAT Port Mapping Protocol (NAT-PMP), Port Control Protocol (PCP), and Internet Gateway Device (IGD) Control Protocol
    • Deployment of Solidity smart contracts, demo apps such as lottery
    • Full persistence with archival node, on-chain transaction storage
    • Beacon-shard syncing, proof-of-concept for Verifiable Delay Function (VDF)
    • Hybrid ECDSA (cold keys for staking) and BLS (hot keys for block validation)
  • April 2019
    • Testnet 3.0
    • A network with peer-to-peer (p2p) using 1 beacon shard + 3 consensus shards
    • Cuckoo-rule resharding at 10% reshuffle rate and auto-restarting nodes
    • Genesis shard state, new nodes for staking, state sync for beacon chain
    • Researching into porting zkproof prototypes such as zkDAI and zkERC20 to Harmony
  • Q2 2019
    • Lottery and Puzzle demos
    • Cross-shard communication
    • Harmony Game of Stakes
    • Throttled mainnet launch
  • Q3 2019
    • Kademlia routing
    • Rateless erasure code
    • Fast state sync
    • WASM Prototype
    • Full mainnet launch
  • Q4 2019
    • Porting zero-knowledge proof dApps
    • Production services for partners

Team Members

  • Stephen Tse
    • Stephen Tse 谢镇滔 has been obsessed with protocols and compilers since high school. He reverse-engineered ICQ and X11 protocols, coded in OCaml for more than 15 years , and graduated with a doctoral degree in security protocols and compiler verification from the University of Pennsylvania.
    • Stephen was a researcher at Microsoft Research, a senior infrastructure engineer at Google, and a principal engineer for search ranking at Apple. He founded the mobile search Spotsetter with institutional venture capital; Apple later acquired the startup.
  • Nicolas Burtey
    • Nicolas Burtey founded a VR video startup in 2012 that grew to 40 people and raised $10m. Orah served the needs of thousands of professional content creators in 70 countries by selling GPU-driven live stitching software and 360° cameras.
    • Nicolas holds a bachelor’s degree in mathematics and computer science, and a master’s degree in computational photography. His master’s thesis at Ecole Nationale Supérieure Louis Lumière was titled “The representation of space and time in panoramic photography.”
  • Alok Kothari
    • Alok Kothari worked on deep learning models for natural language understanding at Apple’s Siri. He conducted research in natural language processing, information retrieval machine learning and published at top conferences like SIGIR, ICWSM and EMNLP. His research paper won the best dataset award at ICWSM 2013.
    • Alok’s book “Game Changers” chronicles successful entrepreneurs from his alma mater IIT Kharagpur in India. He also co-founded the entrepreneurship cell there, which has produced 60 student startups. Alok obtained his master’s degree in artificial intelligence and language technologies from Carnegie Mellon University.
  • Rongjian Lan
    • Rongjian Lan was a search infrastructure engineer for Play Store at Google. He published over 10 academic papers on spatio-temporal querying and map-based visualization. Rongjian started researching on decentralized protocols since early 2017.
    • Rongjian is the co-chair of ABC Blockchain Foundation, with more than 100 engineers from Google, Facebook, LinkedIn as members. He was a doctoral candidate of computer science at the University of Maryland College Park and obtained his bachelor’s degree from the University of Science and Technology Beijing.
  • Minh Doan
    • Minh Doan worked on Google’s Assistant, Play and Plus for 5 years. He was a former champion at USA Computing Olympiad Open and many other Informatics Olympiads. Minh holds the patent for “Publisher Click-Ring Fraud Detector” at Google.
    • Minh was a doctoral candidate in algorithms and distributed systems at the University of California, Irvine. He has a master’s degree in computer science and applied mathematics from Moscow State University. His research paper, “An effective ant-based algorithm for the degree-constrained minimum spanning tree problem”, published at IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation.
  • Nick White
    • Nick White holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees in electrical engineering from Stanford University, where he focused on signal processing, optimization and control. As a graduate teaching assistant at Stanford, he researched artificial intelligence and applied mathematics with Prof. Bernard Widrow.
    • Nick has served as the AI specialist for Hong Kong-based AI incubator Zeroth.AI, and coached over 20 teams from 5 continents across industries ranging from finance to agriculture to blockchain. He is a certified yoga instructor and an avid surfer.
  • Sahil Dewan
    • Sahil Dewan is a graduate of Harvard Business School, where he served as president of the blockchain and cryptocurrency club. He has worked at Draper Dragon Fund and advised several blockchain projects.
    • Sahil founded FuturEd, an ed-tech startup that pioneered a mobile platform for alumni engagement and fundraising for over 100 educational institutions in India. He was also elected country president for AIESEC India, a youth leadership organization present in more than 125 countries.
  • Leo Chen
    • Leo Chen led a team of 8 engineers at Amazon Web Services. There he built high-throughput storage virtualizations for more than 200k EC2 instances. At Amazon Lab126 , Leo built the first generation of Kindle Fire and architected FireOS for all Amazon devices. At Ericsson and Broadcom he worked on their Linux kernel, embedded systems and large-scale distributed systems.
    • Leo holds a master’s degree in data mining from Simon Fraser University and a bachelor’s degree from Zhejiang University. Leo has completed 8 full marathons and hiked the Grand Canyon R3, John Muir Trail, and soon the entire Pacific Crest Trail.
  • Kunal Patel
    • Kunal Patel drives the security design and architecture of Samsung Pay and various Samsung Knox projects. As a member of the B2B security team, he conducts internal reviews, partnership evaluations, program analysis research and incident response for Samsung. Kunal has worked with researchers and startups on anti-malware, cryptography and program verification.
    • Kunal obtained a bachelor’s degree from North Carolina State University. His specialties include systems security, applied cryptography and protocols. Kunal is interested in understanding intelligence in all its forms.
  • Eugene Kim
    • Eugene Kim developed advanced networking protocols during his 15-year tenure at NTT and his 3 years in the networking infrastructure division of AWS. Eugene also built server-side software at Activision Blizzard for the next-generation MMORPG that eventually became Overwatch.
    • Eugene has long been an active contributor to the open-source community, particularly in the networking and storage subsystems of FreeBSD and Linux. He holds two US patents on GPU-based acceleration of routing decisions in large-scale datacenter networks. As a professional musician with commercially released songs, Eugene cares deeply about digital rights management.
  • Li Jiang
    • Li Jiang 蒋犁 has founded a logistic startup during college with the highest revenue. During his six years at GSV Capital, Li organized Pioneer Summit and Global Education Summit with 1,500 attendees including Bill Campbell and Barack Obama.
    • Li holds an economics degree from Northwestern University. He is an adjunct professor​ at Northwestern's Farley Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Li trains on ultimate frisbee daily and owns an amateur team that won nationally in 2017.
  • Chao Ma
    • Chao Ma was a machine learning scientist at Amazon. He worked on marketplace abuse prevention, retail products pricing and natural language processing. Chao implemented an IPFS prototype in early 2017.
    • Chao got his bachelor's degree from University of Science and Technology of China, master's degree from Zhejiang University, and Ph.D. in mathematics from CU Boulder. Chao published 6 papers on non-linear analysis and partial differential equations in Advances in Mathematics and other top journals.
  • Hakwan Lau, Collaborator
    • Hakwan Lau is a full professor at University of California, Los Angeles. He specializes in neuroscience and machine learning. Hakwan studied at University of Oxford on the prestigious Rhodes Scholarship, served as associate professor at Columbia University, and has published over 90 peer-reviewed papers.
    • Hakwan’s latest paper in Science, “What is consciousness, and could machines have it?” was widely-circulated within the research community. With Harmony, he is exploring the connection between probabilistic consensus protocols and brain communication. Hakwan is also studying privacy-preserving modeling of health data on blockchain.
  • Ka-yuet Liu, Collaborator
    • Ka-yuet Liu is a tenured associate professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. She specializes in medical data, network analysis, and other system science methods. She received her Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Oxford and did her post-doctorate at Columbia University.
    • Ka uses population-wide, sensitive data from governments to study health and builds large empirically-calibrated , agent-based models to predict disease patterns. Her research is funded by major grants from the National Institute of Health. Ka’s paper “Social Influence and the Autism Epidemic” won the prestigious Eliot Freidson Award.
  • Zi Wang, Collaborator
    • Zi Wang worked on Google Chrome, Google X, Android and Nexus from 2006-2015. He was Google’s first global creative director for its hardware division and co-founded a Google research lab with a $20m budget.
    • Zi founded Quantum Bakery, a startup partnering with Google, Corning and Toyota to develop consumer products with ambient intelligence. He holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science and a master’s degree in economics.
  • Bruce Huang, Collaborator
    • Bruce Huang 黄海旻 was a lead engineer at Microsoft for 7 years, a director at Alibaba Cloud and at Credit Ease. Later, he became the CEO of Madailicai, a top peer lending company in China.
    • Bruce obtained his master's degree in computer science from the Simon Fraser University. He is a certified snowboard instructor.

Partnership Overview

  • Animoca Brands Corporation is the spinoff of part of the app portfolio of Animoca (Appionics Holdings Ltd.) and the consolidation of a number of partnerships and acquisitions. Animoca Brands is the resulting new entity with a mission to create and/or publish globally a broad portfolio of mobile games for smartphones and tablets. Animoca Brands is based in Hong Kong. Multiple Animoca Brands titles leverage internationally recognized intellectual properties such as Garfield, Ben10, Doraemon, Astro Boy and Ultraman, all fully licensed by their respective IP owners. Additionally, Animoca Brands develops and publishes a broad range of original games, and also serves as global or regional publisher for select games developed by third parties. Most Animoca Brands games are free to play, generating revenue in two primary ways: when consumers pay for virtual items or services in the games; and when Animoca Brands sells in-game advertising across its network of hundreds of games.

  • Picolo is an ex-Wisc, ex-Googler startup building a new database and compute platform. Picolo's mission is 'one data, one compute close to the source'. They aim to offer a firebase like service whose backend runs on multiple public clouds and on the edge at mini datacenters across the world. They also aim to host Picolo's database and compute at 5G access points in the future for maximum performance and resiliency. Some problems they are thinking about are: How should a decentralized database running over a 1000 nodes work? How should these nodes talk to each other? What if some of these nodes are malicious? Their founding team consists of two ex-Google engineers who have solid backgrounds in building scalable systems that serve billions of users every single day. They closed their first round of funding from top Silicon Valley VCs and are hiring for full time, part time and internship positions.

  • Hyperion, a decentralized map paltform, aims to achieve the “One Map” vision - to provide an unified view of global map data and service, and to make it universally accessible just like a public utility for 10B people. Built on the Spatial Consensus Protocol which encloses not just spatial information but also value transfer, Hyperion fundamentally redefines the way we create and consume map services, conforming to our first principles to make maps aggressively open and decentralized.

  • Timeless, a calendar platform matching people’s time and services. Timeless shows you relevant calendar events with beautiful and glanceable Time Cards; each card is designed with the right information at just the right time.

  • QUANTA is building a fair trading protocol to power all trades, including financial assets traded on crypto exchanges, and non-financial assets traded on DApps. Fairness means traders do not compromise between speed and security, their token custody is on-chain, and order-book matching is auditable.

  • BlueVista is building a platform that leverages cutting edge technologies to reward consumers for making clean transportation and mobility choices to reduce air pollution that harms our planet and traffic congestion that undermines our quality of life.

  • NOIZ is an AI + blockchain communication platform that allows brands and consumers to chat with one another directly in online ads, messaging apps and the NOIZ app. Conversions are made faster, ads can be equipped with payment gateways, conversation is turned into valuable insight and consumers can comfortably surf the web.

  • Qokka's Corpora Engine enables rapid creation of scalable AI solutions for unstructured text data. Products built on Corpora Engine: - Sudo Review for Business: Coming soon - Sudo Review (classic.sudoreview.com): Understand thousands of reviews in seconds. Analyzed 10M products and 100M+ reviews on Amazon - Best of Amazon (sudoreview.com): Shop only the best, start with Amazon. Know what’s good and bad in seconds, and get back up to 10% cash - CryptoQokka (cryptoqokka.com): Decrypting crypto trends and sentiments for retail investors - CryptoQokka for Developers (cryptoqokka.com/developers): APIs for tracking crypto sentiments, topics, opinions.

  • Lemniscap is an investment and advisory firm specializing in investments in emerging crypto assets and advising early stage blockchain startups. We believe blockchain technology will upend traditional business models, resulting in profound changes in the world economy. Our singular goal is to drive this change through our services. Our team consists of talented people with backgrounds in financial markets, PE/VC, technology and entrepreneurship. We have been involved in the space since 2014 as both investors and advisors and can leverage deep relationships with other participants in the ecosystem.

  • BTC12 Capital is an investment firm from China. They have invested in dozens of the most innovative blockchain foundation projects, DAPPs, and peripheral applications from around the world, dedicated to driving the value of the Internet new economy.

  • Consensus Capital is an investment firm from China that dedicated to blockchain, cryptocurrencies, and initial investments in Internet financial service projects. They’re not just an investor in the following projects; more importantly, they’re a partner who supports project growth.

  • Continue Capital, founded in 2016, Continue Capital focuses on investing in global blockchain technology, early-stage technology startup and providing Quant-Trading service. We are built to incubate and partner with those ambitious enterprises that promote technological innovation and advance business model revolution.

  • Founded in Australia, Hayek Capital is a leading investment institution that focuses on blockchainindustry. Their service currently covers the whole Blockchain Industry. With their proficient partners in finance, IT and blockchain industry, they are dedicated to becoming the lighthouse for all entrepreneurs in the blockchain world.

  • HM stands for Hive Mind — a network of disparate nodes all contributing to a collective intelligence far superior to the sum of its parts. They believe in the power of collective intelligence and have gathered together a diverse and powerful blend of talents from the world of blockchain. They are programmers, developers, marketers, filmmakers, researchers, analysts, traditional VC’s and traders.

  • UniValues Associates is an early-stage crypto fund investing in companies harnessing the blockchain technologies and token economy. The firm focuses its investments in public blockchain technologies, decentralized protocols and applications, blockchain social media, crypto exchanges, and crypto asset management firms.

  • Blockchain Assets invests exclusively in assets that are being developed in the blockchain based ecosystem. Their priority and weighting is on protocol layer assets, but they invest in all layers of the technology stack. They are particularly interested in projects that are natively enabled by blockchain technology and projects that solve a large scale problems that have not to date been solved with existing business or administrative models.

  • Qtum is an open sourced public blockchain platform, leveraging the security of UTXO while enabling multiple virtual machines including EVM and the revolutionary x86 VM. Qtum is PoS based and boasts a Decentralized Governance Protocol (DGP) allowing specific blockchain settings to be modified by making use of smart contracts. For instance, the block size of Qtum can be increased without the need of a hard fork.

  • Skunk Capital connects ambitious technology teams with the capital, resources and connections they need to accelerate the execution of their visions. Inspired by the brazenness of experimental departments in the early days of the aerospace industry, Skunk Capital breaks free from orthodox paradigms of capital formation and allocation in order to help projects deliver radically new technologies that will change the world.

  • CypherMines an affiliate, incorporated in Cayman Islands, of a group of cryptographic infrastructure companies consisting of software development and cryptographic compute facilities, aim to create exceptional value addition to the decentralization of the economic world by providing cryptography POW mining farms with environmental friendly electricity generation, POS and general purpose compute facilities running cryptographic consensus algorithms and Master/Super nodes including long term ICO funding and community engagement support for cryptographic infrastructure projects.

  • Anmi OECD is a venture capital firm based in Shanghai and Singapore. They have invested in many quality projects as: Dfinity, PChain, Nano, ChainLink, PascalCoin, Harmony and etc.

Competitors Overview

HarmonyZilliqaDfinityEthereum 2.0QuarkchainMultiVac
Sharding DimensionNetwork Sharding Transaction Sharding State ShardingNetwork Sharding Transaction ShardingNo ShardingNetwork Sharding Transaction Sharding State ShardingNetwork Sharding Transaction Sharding State ShardingNetwork Sharding Transaction Sharding State Sharding
ConsensusBLS-based FBFTSchnorr-based pBFTThreshold RelayCasper FFG+CBCPoWpBFT
Sybil Attack PreventionPoSPoWPoSPoSPoWPoS
Single Shard Performance1000+ TPS~500TPSN/AN/A~60TPS533TPS
Transaction FinalityLowMediumMediumMediumHighN/A
Core ImplementationGolangC++Not Open SourceGolangPythonNot Open Source
Single Shard AttackSecureVulnerableN/ASecureVulnerableModerately Vulnerable
Randomness SourceSecure Distributed Randomness Generation Protocol using VRF and VDFPoW hash provided by individual minerVRF based on BLS threshold signatureRandao Protocol + VDFNo Randomness UsedVRF executed by individual validator
Cross Shard TransactionShard-driven merkle proof-based cross-shart transaction with efficient Kademlia cross-shard routingCross-shard operation handled by the single mainchainN/AShard-driven merkle proof-based cross-shart transactionMainchain-driven cross-shard transaction broadcast; Kademlia routingRead-only cross-shard interaction
Network LayerP2p gossip broadcast; Erasure code-based efficientP2p gossip broadcastP2p gossip broadcastP2p gossip broadcastP2p gossip broadcastP2p gossip broadcast
State ModelAccount-basedAccount-basedN/AAccount-basedAccount-basedUTXO-based
Linear ScalabilityHighLowNot scalableMediumMediumHigh

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